MEX 1502 Political Science

Course Unit Code MEX  1502
Course Unit Title Political Science
Number of Credits 5
Year Number 1
Medium Sinhala / English

Politics is a basic matter which has the direct influence to the individuals and social organizations. Therefore knowledge of politics is very useful to these individuals and social organizations. It is very important to have a broad understanding about political Environment when working in the fields of both Management and Administration. This course unit is designed to enhance a scientific knowledge and understanding about numerous political factors that affect the behavior of a Manager or Administrator.

  1. Studying the Principles of politics, Theories, and Concepts of classical political thought.
  2. Learning the Constitutional Development in Sri Lanka and institutional framework of political system.
  3. Identification of the party Politics, Electoral Systems, Public Opinion, Pressure groups activities, Trade Union activities, and Political Organizations and Movements practiced in Sri Lanka.

Identification of the contemporary political issues in political environment of Sri Lanka.

1. Knowledge about the democratic principles of politics, Theories and Concepts of classical political thought.
2. Understanding of the nature of constitutional development in Sri Lanka.
3. Knowledge about institutional framework of the political mechanism.
4. Knowledge about the creation, Nature and activities of the various organizations and movements practiced in political environment of Sri Lanka.
5. Knowledge about the contemporary political issues created from time to time in Sri Lanka.
6. Knowledge about human values like Mutual understanding, Mutual Toleration, Attitudes of Humanitarian, and Conflict resolution.

Main Topics Sub Topics Number of Hours
1.Introduction 1.1     Nature of Political Science

1.2     Definitions for Political Science

1.3     Eastern and Western Political thought

1.4     Scope of Political Science





2. The State 2.1     Definitions for State

2.2     State and other social organizations

2.3     State and Society

2.4     State and Government

2.5     State and voluntary organizations

2.6     State and Nation







3. Origin of State 3.1     Divine Right Theory

3.2     Social Contract Theory

3.3     Matriarchal Theory

3.4     Patriarchal Theory

3.5     Force Theory

3.6     Evolutionary theory

3.7     Socialists’ Theory








4. Nature of State 4.1     Purposes and needs of State

4.2     Elements of State

4.2.1  Territory

4.2.2  Population

4.2.3  Government

4.2.4  Sovereignty







5. Government 5.1     Nature of the State as a agent of State

5.2     Classification of Government

5.2.1  Democratic and Totalitarian

5.2.2  Unitary and Federal

5.2.3  Flexible and Rigid

5.2.4  Parliamentary and Presidential forms







6. Sovereignty 6.1     Definitions about Sovereignty

6.2     Basic characteristics of Sovereignty

6.3     Categories of Sovereignty

6.4     Practical value of Sovereignty





7. Concept of Rights 7.1     Nature and definitions of rights

7.2     Classification of Rights

7.3     Conformation of Rights in world

7.4     Constitutional provisions of HR in Sri Lanka

7.5     Safeguard of Human Rights

7.6     Challenges for Human Rights







8. Liberty 8.1     Definitions of Liberty

8.2     Classification of Liberty

8.3     Liberty as a outcome of rights




9. Equality 9.1     Nature and Definitions of Equality

9.2     Importance of eliminating privileges and ensuring

a minimum standard for all




10.Rule of Law 10.1   Nature and importance of Rule of Law

10.2   Views of Rule of Law by A. V .Dicy

10.3   Practical value of Rule of Law




11. Theory of Separation

of Powers

11.1   Meaning of Separation of Powers

11.2   Explanation provide by Montesqueau

11.3   Practice of the theory of Separation of Powers

11.4   Practical value of theory of Separation of Powers





12. Constitutional

Reforms in

Sri Lanka – I

12.1   Colbbrook Reform – 1833

12.2   Maccalam Reform -1910

12.3   Manine Reform – 1920

12.4   Second Manine Reform -1924





13. Constitutional

Reforms in

Sri Lanka – II

13.1       Donoughmore Reforme -1931

13.1.1    Universal Franchise

13.1.2    State Council

13.1.3    Executive Committee System

13.1.4    Governor

13.1.5    Three State Officers

13.2       Soulbary System – 1947

13.2.1    Bi-Cameral Legislature

13.2.2    Prime Minister and the Cabinet

13.2.3    The Governor











14. Governments of


Sri Lanka

14.1       Dominion Constitution -1948

14.1.1    Provisions of Political Independence

14.1.2    Bi-Cameral Legislature

14.1.3    Prime Minister and the Cabinet

14.1.4    The Governor General

14.1.5    Criticisms about Political Independence

14.2        The Republican Constitution -1972

14.2.1     National State Assembly

14.2.2     Prime Minister and the Cabinet

14.2.3    President











15. Constitution of

modern Sri Lanka

15.1       The Socialist Democratic Republican

Constitution  in Sri Lanka -1978

15.2       Parliament

15.3       Electoral Systems

15.4       The Ombudsman

15.5       Referendum

15.6       Judicial System









16. Contemporary Issues in Sri Lankan Politics 04
Mode of Study Self-Study, Seminars
Evaluation 100%  Final Exam

1. Agarwal.R.C. Political Theory. New Delhi,S.Chand & Co Ltd
2. Appadori.A. The Substance of Politics, London, Oxford University press.
3. Asirivantham.E. Political Theory. New Delhi, S.Chand & co Ltd.
4. Cooray.J.aA.L. Constitutional and Administrative Law of Sri Lanka. Colombo, Sumathi Publishers.
5. Gilcrist.R.N. Principles of Political Science. London Longman.
6. Jenings.Ivor. The Constitution of Ceylon. London, Oxford University press.
7. Laski H.J. Grammar of Politics. London Allen & Unwin Ltd.
8. Namasivayam.S. The Legislature of Ceylon. Londin, Faber &Feber.
9. Saran.P. Governmant and Politics in Ceylon. New Delhi, Metropolitan Book Co. Ltd.
10. Weerawardana.I.D.S. Governmant and Politics in Ceylon. Colombo, Ceylon Economic Research Association.
11. Wikramanayake.A. The Executive Presidency. Colombo, Godage Brothers.
12. Wilson.AJ. Politics in Sri Lanka. MacMillon.