MEX 3502 Development Administration

Course Code MEX 3502
Course Title Development Administration
Number of Credits 05
Year Number 03
Medium of Instruction Sinhala /English

Most of the graduates in the field of public management will be employed in the public sector institutions in Sri Lanka and this introductory course provides the basic understanding of the following themes of the subject of development administration which is needed for public sector employees in developing countries. The role of the public bureaucracy has assumed new proportions which cannot be explained through the study of conventional public administration. The capacity of the system has become inadequate and therefore, it has become necessary to improve and strengthen the administrative systems of developing countries. The study of development administration, therefore, becomes necessary for the students of public management to understand the changing role of administration in developing countries

This course is primarily designed to enhance the students understanding in the main concepts of development administration and the challenges faced by developing countries in achieving development. This course focuses on the importance of building and reforming of public administration system as a machinery of development administration which is flexible, responsive and above all committed to the cause of improving the socially deprived and economically underprivileged sections of the society.

Upon completing this course, students should be able to understand and analyze main issues pertaining to development and development administration in developing countries. It is expected to develop subject – specific knowledge and skills and cognitive skills in relation to the following areas:-

d. Identifying the importance of human potential and human resource development
e. Justifying the need of provision of social services such an education and health
f. Understanding the capacity of public administration systems of developing countries which has become inadequate in the face of complexity of emerging social and economic challenges.
g. Reforming operational apparatus of administration which is concerned with the formulation, implementation and evaluation of development policies programmes and projects.
h. Improvement of Productivity in the public sector.



No. of Hours
Main Topics Sub Topics  
1.      Introduction to Development Administration



1.1 Economic development

1.2  Defining development

1.3  Concept of human development

1.4  Sustainable development

1.5  Defining development Administration

1.6  Contemporary themes in development administration


06 hrs
2.      Key Administrative Issues in Developing Countries



2.1  Impact of colonial legacy

2.2  Problems of manpower planning and lack of skilled labour

2.3  Lack of reliable data

2.4  Multiplicity of authorities

2.5  Lack of political and bureaucratic commitments

06 hrs
3.      Modernization



3.1  Introduction

3.2  Industrialization

3.3  Stages of growth

3.4  Failure of modernization theory

03 hrs
4.      Planning for Development



4.1  Introduction to national planning

4.2  Defining national planning

4.3  Importance of national planning

4.4  Characteristics of national planning

4.5  Problems faced by national planners

4.6  Project planning in Sri Lanka


06 hrs
5.      Improvement of Productivity in the Public Sector 5.1  Defining productivity

5.2  Reasons for low productivity

5.3  Role of Public sector in improving productivity

5.4  How to improve productivity in the public sector.

03 hrs
6.      Women in Development


6.1  Patriarchal social structure

6.2  Participation in trade union activities

6.3  Main occupations

6.4  Problems related to importance of empowerment of women

6.5  Women’s active and equal participation



03 hrs
7.      Training of Development Administrators


7.1  Administrative issues

7.2  Management issues

7.3  Problem of co-ordination

7.4  Administrative capability

7.5  Development of manpower



03 hrs
8.      Leadership in Government 8.1  Leadership and management

8.2  Leadership and team work


03 hrs


9.      Poverty


9.1  Poverty and millennium development goals

9.2  Defining poverty

9.3  Extreme income inequality and disparities

9.4  Rural poverty

9.5  Women and poverty


06 hrs



10.  Public Private Partnership


10.1 Defining public private partnership (PPP)

10.2 Purpose of public private partnership

10.3 Public & Private sector role in public private partnership

10.4 Types of public private partnership

10.5 Public private partnership projects in Sri Lanka

10.6 Issues and challenges.

10.7 Action taken to improve public & private partnership in Sri Lanka



03 hrs
11.  Role of Government in



11.1 Introduction

11.2 The need for a public sector

11.3 Phases of government intervention

11.4 The size of government debate


03 hrs
12.  Effects of Corruption on Administrative Performance


1.1  Defining corruption

1.2  Conditions contributing to bureaucratic corruption

1.3  The Effects of corruption on administrative performance

1.4  Prevention and control


06 hrs
13.  Decentralization for Development in Sri Lanka.


1.1  Meaning of decentralization

1.2  Importance of decentralization

1.3  Issues related to political decentralization



06 hrs
Mode of Study Self-Study & Seminars
Evaluation Written  Examination 100%

1. Mark Turner and David Hulme, 1997, Governance, Administration and Development, Palgrave, New yolk.
2. Todaro Michael P. & Smith Stepan C. , Economic Development (2008) , 8th Edition, Person Education Asia Ltd.
3. Owen E. Hughes 1998, Public Management and Administration Macmillan Education Australia Pvt Ltd.
4. Gant. George. F. (1979) Development Administration, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
5. Rondinelli. Dennis. (1983) Development Projects as Policy Experiments: An Adaptive Approach to Development Administration. Methuen & Co. Ltd. London.
6. Mathur, Hari Mohan, (1986) Administering Development in the Third World: Constraints and Choices: Sage Publications-New Delhi.
7. R.K. Sapru, 1994, Development Administration, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.
8. O.P. Dwived, 1994, Development Administration, from underdevelopment to sustainable development. MacMillan press, London.
9. Naomi caiden and Aaron Wildavsky, 1985, Planning and Budgeting in Poor Countries. Transaction Books London.
10. S.K. Chatterijee, 1990, Development Administration with special reference to India, Surjeet Publications, Kamala Nagar.
11. Deepa Narayan, 2000, Voices of the Poor: Can Anyone Hear Us? Oxford University Press.
12. Slater, D. (1989), Territorial Power and the Peripheral State: The Issue of Decentralization, Development and change, Vol. 20(3), pp. 501-31.
13. World Bank (1996) World Development Report 1996 , New York: Oxford University Press.
14. World Bank (1996) Governance and Development, (Washington, D.C. World Bank.)
15. Wallis, M. (1990) Bureaucracy: Its Role in Third World Development (London: Macmillan)
16. Reilly, W. (1987) Management and Training for Development : The Hombe thesis, Public Administration and Development, Vol. 7(1), pp. 25-42.
17. Hage, J. and Finsterbusch, K. (1987) Organizational Change as a Development Strategy: Models and Tactics for Improving Third World Organizations (Boulder : Lynne Rienner)
18. Goetz, A.M. (1992) “Gender and Administration”, IDS Bulletin, Vol. 23(4) pp. 6-17.
19. Chowdhury, A and Kirkpatrick, C. (1994) Development Policy and Planning : An Introduction to Models and Techniques (London : Routledge).
20. James Dreze, Amartya Sen, and Athar Hussain (1995) The Political economy of Hunger, selected Essays (New York) Clarendon Press: Oxford).
21. Blomstrom M. and B. Hettne, (1987) Development Theory in Transition Bath Press Avon, U.K.
22. In addition students must read relevant materials which are available in the Sinhala language, for example

23. පී. බී. වන්නිනායක, සංවර්ධන පරිපාලනය
24. ආර්ථික විමසුම, සටහන සඟරාව යනාදි පොත්පත්